- The order founded by St Dominic (1170-1221) in 1215, named the Order of Friars Preachers. They were known as the Black Friars or the preaching friars. Some Dominicans were mendicants, dedicated to evangelical preaching. They were very active in combating heresy. They also placed emphasis upon learning, which they considered necessary to preach intelligently and for rational theological debate, always preferring to convert by persuasion. In 1219 King Alexander of Scotland met St Dominic in Paris and requested him to send some members of his brotherhood to Scotland. However, they came first to England in 1221. Their emphasis on education meant the Dominicans were deeply involved in the growth of universities.
Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. Christopher Coredon with Ann Williams.
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